Aboriginal people have lived in the central and western desert region for thousands of years.
Prior to the 1960s the Pintupi people had experienced no prior contact with white settlers and lived a traditional life. With the establishment of the Woomera Rocket Range, the Pintupi people were removed from their country and relocated to Papunya where they were mixed with other tribes such as Warlpiri, Arrernte, Luritja and Anmatyerr people.
The community of Kintore (Walungurru in Pintupi language) began in the early 1980s when Pintubi people moved back to their traditional homelands from the government settlement of Papunya after becoming dissatisfied with their living arrangements.
Over the years Kintore has become a major centre for the Western Desert art movement which originated in Papunya. In the past the Pintupi people passed on your Dreamtime stories through art using sand, rock and local plants. Today paintings are made on canvas and are sold worldwide. The Aboriginal arts organisation Papunya Tula has an arts centre in Kintore and a number of their members live in Kintore.
In addition to the arts centre Kintore has a community store, 2 schools (primary school, high school), a council office, CDP provider, health centre, aged care centre, dialysis centre, police station, oval and an all-weather sealed airstrip.